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16.12.12 About MR



Monthly Review Press

The World We Wish to See
THE WORLD WE WISH TO SEE: Revolutionary Objectives in the Twenty First Century by Samir Amin

The Political Economy of Growth
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF GROWTH by Paul A. Baran

Agriculture and Food in Crisis: Conflict, Resistance, and Renewal
AGRICULTURE AND FOOD IN CRISIS: Conflict, Resistance, and Renewal by Fred Magdoff and Brian Tokar

Hungry for Profit
HUNGRY FOR PROFIT: The Agribusiness Threat to Farmers, Food, and the Environment edited by Fred Magdoff, John Bellamy Foster, and Frederick H. Buttel

The Politics of Genocide
THE POLITICS OF GENOCIDE by Edward S. Herman and David Peterson

The Liberal Virus
THE LIBERAL VIRUS: Permanent War and the Americanization of the World by Samir Amin

Eurocentrism
EUROCENTRISM by Samir Amin

José Carlos Mariátegui
JOSÉ CARLOS MARIÁTEGUI: An Anthology by Harry E. Vanden and Marc Becker

Open Veins of Latin America
OPEN VEINS OF LATIN AMERICA:
Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent
by Eduardo Galeano


Race in Cuba: Essays on the Revolution and Racial Inequality
RACE IN CUBA: Essays on the Revolution and Racial Inequality by Esteban Morales Domínguez

Understanding the Venezuelan Revolution
UNDERSTAND-
ING THE VENEZUELAN REVOLUTION: Hugo Chavez Talks to Marta Harnecker by Hugo Chavez and Marta Harnecker


Connection to the Land Cannot Be Broken:
The Struggle for Land Rights Near the Gaza Border

by Joshua Brollier

Gaza City, December 15th, 2012

Yesterday in al-Faraheen, Gaza, Israeli Occupation Forces shot and wounded an unarmed 22-year-old farmer, Mohammed Qdeih, from behind.  Mohamed and nine others went out to their fields in the early afternoon, walking approximately 250 meters from the Israeli border.  Within minutes, two heavily armed Israeli military jeeps rushed to the security fence.  They issued a warning for the farmers and residents to leave the area and shortly thereafter the Palestinians, intimidated by the heavy military presence, began to head back to the village of Abasan.  The soldiers were not satisfied and opened fire, piercing Mohamed's right arm from the backside.  Israeli forces continued to shoot rounds of live ammunition while Mohamed and the others frantically evacuated and waited for an ambulance.  Another young Palestinian, 19, was shot yesterday near the border in Jabaliya.

Under the siege, Israeli "closed military zones" have confiscated up to 35 percent of Gaza's arable land, which was previously used for fruit and olive orchards, wheat, and various vegetables.  With nearly half of Gaza's population designated as "food insecure" by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the farming industry having been crippled from the inability to export products under the Israeli blockade, this land is essential for the livelihoods of thousands of farmers and residents of Gaza.  Even so, given that four Palestinians have been killed and over 50 injured since the November 21st, 2012 ceasefire agreement, one might ask why anyone would risk their life and venture near the border at all.

Palestinians have had varying experiences near the fence.  There have been some successes with farming and some incidents resulting in death and serious injuries.  The agreement between Israel and Hamas clearly stated that Israeli forces would "refrain from targeting residents in the border areas" and to "stop all hostilities in the Gaza Strip land, sea and air including incursions and targeting of individuals."  Hamas and other factions have held up their end of the bargain with not a single rocket being fired from Gaza.


Mohammed and Ahmed Qdeih, December 15, 2012.  Photo by Maher Alaa.

Farmers work with solidarity activists, December 15, 2012.  Photo by Maher Alaa.

UNEF forces in Gaza, 1957.  Photo from Palestine Remembered

As a participant in an international solidarity team, I sat down with Mohammed Qdeih and family members this afternoon to get their perspective on the breach of the ceasefire and why they would risk their lives in pursuit of reclaiming their land.  "The ceasefire is without any sense," said Mohammed.  "They attempted to kill me."  Mohammed is single but works the land to help provide for his 15 extended family members who reside together in Abasan al-Kabir.  The family has approximately ten dunams of land which fall in the vaguely defined "buffer zone."  He is one of only five who are able to work in the fields and now the family will be without his help for a month at best.

After waiting patiently for Mohammed to tell his story, the eldest member of the family, Ahmed Hassan Jabbar Qdeih, began to speak up passionately.  Around ninety-five years old, Ahmed became infuriated.  "What I have seen in my lifetime is too much to bear!"  Though they are originally from Abasan, the Qdeih family used to have 500 dunams of land which spread far beyond Gaza's borders, most of which fell in what is now considered Israel.  In 1948 when Ahmed was in his thirties, he was working near the local water well when Zionist militias terrorized his farm.  Ahmed was detained, along with his family, and taken to their house where they were forced to watch as his father was murdered in front on them.  The militias destroyed their home, bombed the well, and set ablaze 60 dunams of land.  Additionally, they stole 60 sheep and two cows to take with them.

Mr. Qdeih also spoke of February 7th, 1957.  Just before Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in March of that year (under very strong pressure from the United States), Ahmed again barely escaped with his life.  Presumably during one of Israel's last "screening operations" to eliminate members of the Palestine Brigades in which over 500 Palestinians were killed, Israeli forces lined up Ahmed and ten other men, who were then mowed down with gunfire and executed.  The rifle which targeted Ahmed malfunctioned.  When he was later discovered to still be alive, he was arrested and imprisoned in Israel for eight years.  While in jail, the prison guards stomped on his hands and beat him mercilessly, leaving him permanently disabled and unable to walk properly.  In the process of explaining this, Ahmed almost removed his shirt successfully in front of all present before being discouraged by a relative standing nearby.  "Look, look!  You can still see the scars on my back," he nearly screamed, as if he was still reliving those torturous years.

Having a proud persistence in farming and a history of tragedy dating back to the Nakba, the connection to the land runs deep for the Qdeihs and obviously so do the scars.  Many Palestinians feel that they have won victory in the recent conflict and that the present situation holds many possibilities for farmers like the Qdeih family.  However, recent events have been distressing.  Two days after the Israeli Pillar of Cloud offensive, Anwar Qdeih, the twenty-year-old cousin of Mohamed Qdeih, was shot and killed while participating in an impromptu demonstration near the border.

In a celebratory mood due to the gains supposedly guaranteed by the ceasefire and in defiance of the brutality of the recent Israeli assault, a small group consisting primarily of young men headed to the "buffer zone."  When approached by heavily-armed Israeli soldiers, some threw stones and managed to cross the first security fence, which does not constitute the official border.  (There is also a second fence the protesters did not reach, which is electrically charged, more heavily guarded, and virtually impenetrable to such a group.)  Upon confrontation with the soldiers, the group turned back and the Israeli forces opened fire, striking Anwar in the head and killing him instantly.  Eighteen others were wounded, including three children.  (There are no Israeli houses or civilians in the vicinity.  It is also essential to remember that Palestinians have a legal right to resist the occupation through such demonstrations and even armed resistance.)

The Israeli military establishment seems to be confounded that, for all its advanced weaponry and fire power, hundreds of young men like Anwar and Mohammed and elders like Ahmed continue to come out daily to their fields.  The right-wing ruling elite and even many self-proclaimed "liberals" in Israel appear to be in denial that the Palestinians' claim to their land and will for self-determination is unquenchable.  They talk of more deadly operations like Cast Lead and Pillar of Cloud, and they continue with the harassment of farmers and fishermen.  They carry out the demolitions of Palestinian homes in the West Bank, they build and forcefully protect more illegal settlements, and they justify the killing of a young man at a checkpoint in Hebron and the following vicious assaults on the media.  They strengthen apartheid policies against Arab and non-Jewish Israelis, they fortify new stretches of the separation wall, and they continue to collectively punish the civilian population of Gaza with siege.  They aggressively stomp any remnants of a two-state solution under their feet, isolating themselves with mantras of victimhood, though the United Nations has affirmed the right to Palestinian statehood.

What are the goals and likely consequences of these violent and obstructionist policies?  How could they possibly make Israel more secure or lead to a just solution?  All the while, resistance is again becoming more and more popularized among Palestinian civilians and the factions are moving towards uniting.  Regardless of the new shapes the resistance takes or any path the Israelis choose, as evidenced clearly since 1948 until this very day, the Palestinians' deep connection to and affection for their homeland cannot be broken.


Joshua Brollier is a co-coordinator with Voices for Creative Nonviolence.  He can be reached at Joshua@vcnv.org.
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